ghuk;ghpak

ghuk;gupa miog;G ml;il

பிரச்சினை 04, 2020

ghuk;gupa miog;G ml;il

Chinnaraja G Naidu |நூலாசிரியர்

பிரச்சினை 04, 2020


,e;jpahtpd; fyhr;rhu ghuk;gupak; mjd; gy;NtW tifahd cs;ehl;L nghUl;fs; kw;Wk; ift-pidg;nghUl;fs; %yk; Fwpg;gplg;gLfpwJ. ehL ‘cs;Shu; Fuyhf’ khWk; NghJ> rpd;duh[h ehAL [p.I (Gtpapay; mwpFwp) Fwpr;nrhw;fspd; gazj;jpd; %yk; ek;ik mioj;Jr; nry;fpwhu; kw;Wk; cs;Shu; jahupg;ghsu;fSf;F mtu;fspd; jdpj;Jtkhd iftpidg;nghUl;fs; kw;Wk; ghuk;gupakhf ehl;by; ngwg;gl;l mwpitg; ghJfhf;fTk; Cf;Ftpf;fTk; mit vt;thW cjTfpd;wd vd;gij Fwpg;gpLfpwhu;.

,e;jpahtpd; gpujk ke;jpup eNue;jpu Nkhbapd; rkPgj;jpa Njhw;wq;fs; m];]hk; khepyj;jpypUe;J jdpj;Jtkhd rptg;G vy;iyfs; kw;Wk; kyu; cUtq;fSld; ghuk;gupakhf nea;ag;gl;l jhtzpahd fhKrhTld; ,Ue;jd. nrt;tf Mil 18 Mk; E}w;whz;bypUe;J mrhkpa fyhr;rhuj;jpd; xU rpd;dkhf cs;sJ. mjd; fyhr;rhu kw;Wk; tuyhw;W Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ij xJf;fp itj;Jtpl;L> fhKrhTk; jdpj;JtkhdJ> Vnddpy; ,J ,e;jpahtpd; fpof;F vy;iyfspy; eilKiwapy; cs;s xU ghuk;gupa ghzpapyhd neritf; Fwpf;fpwJ.

,e;jpahitg; Nghy fyhr;rhu uPjpahf NtWgl;l kf;fs;njhif nfhz;l> fhKrh xNu jdpj;Jtkhd jahupg;G my;y> cz;ikapy;> ,J ehl;bd; gy;NtW gpuhe;jpaq;fspy; gpuj;jpNafkhf cw;gj;jp nra;ag;gLk; 370 f;Fk; Nkw;gl;l jahupg;Gfspy; xd;whFk;. ,e;jpa fyhr;rhuj;ijg; ghJfhf;fTk;> gpur;rhuk; nra;aTk;> nfhz;lhlTk; xU kfj;jhd Kaw;rpapy;> Gtpapay; Fwpfhl;bfs; ([p.I) 2004-05 Mk; Mz;by; xU mwpTrhu; nrhj;Jupikahf njhlq;fg;gl;lJ> ,J me;j nghUl;fspd; rk;ge;jg;gl;l r%fj;ijr; Nru;e;jJ. ,e;j tpjpKiwapd; fPo; mq;fPfupf;fg;gl;l Kjy; jahupg;G lhu;[pypq; NjePu; MFk;. mg;NghjpUe;J xt;nthU Mz;Lk; rku;g;gpf;fg;gl;l Gjpa tpz;zg;gq;fSld; 350 f;Fk; Nkw;gl;l jdpg;gl;l cs;Shu; jahupg;Gfis cs;slf;fpajhf ,e;j gl;bay; tsu;e;Js;sJ. Gtpapay; Fwpfhl;bfs; xU mq;fPfupf;fg;glhj jug;gpduhy; mjd; gad;ghl;ilj; jLf;f jahupg;ghsu;fSf;F mjpfhuk; mspf;fpd;wd> mjd; jahupg;G tiuaWf;fg;gl;l Gtpapay; gFjpf;Fs; gjpTnra;ag;gl;l cupikahsuhy; epu;zapf;fg;gl;l nghUe;jf;$ba juq;fSf;F ,zq;fhJ. vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf> uh[];jhdpd; gpfhNdupy; ,Ue;J xU Ritahd rpw;Wz;lhd gpfhNdu; G+[pah tp\aj;jpy;> gpfhNdu; Gtpapay; mwpFwp ghJfhf;fg;gl;Ls;s mjpfhu tuk;Gfspy;> me;j G[pahtpd; jahupg;ghsu;fs; rpw;Wz;bf;F “gpfhNdu;” vd;w thu;j;ijia gad;gLj;Jtij tpyf;f Ntz;Lk;. vy;iy epu;zapf;fg;gl;l gFjpapy; cw;gj;jp nra;ag;gLfpwJ my;yJ Gtpapay; Fwpg;gpw;fhd tof;fpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s juq;fspd;gb cw;gj;jp nra;ag;gltpy;iy.

gpujku; eNue;jpu Nkhb> kzpg;G+up nka;b nyq;fpad; jhtzpAld; cs;Shu; kw;Wk; cs;ehl;L jahupg;Gfis vLj;Jiuj;jhu;

jdpj;Jtj;ij ghJfhj;jy;

tuk;gw;w fhyj;jpw;F gjpTnra;ag;gl;l Gtpapay; Fwpfhl;bfs;> cz;ikahd kw;Wk; Kiwahd jahupg;ghsu;fs;(fis) milahsk; fz;L gjpTnra;a cjTk; Fwpf;fg;gl;l jahupg;GfSf;F rl;lg;G+u;t ghJfhg;ig toq;Ffpd;wd. ngUk;ghYk;> [p.I mikg;G Gtpapay; gpuNjrj;jpy; cw;gj;jpahsu;fspd; nghUshjhu nropg;ig Cf;Ftpf;fpwJ kw;Wk; xU r%fk; jq;fs; jahupg;Gfis re;ijapy; Nghl;bapLk; nghUl;fspypUe;J NtWgLj;j cjTfpwJ. juk; kw;Wk; ek;gfj;jd;ikapd; Kf;fpa msTNfhy;fisj; jFjpngw;w gpd;dNu midj;J [p.I Fwpf;fg;gl;l jahupg;GfSk; mq;fPfupf;fg;gLfpd;wd. ,NjNghy;> Efu;Nthiug; nghWj;jtiu> [p.I.f;fs; cz;ikahd jahupg;Gfis milahsk; fhz cjTk; milahskhf nray;gLfpd;wd> ,J jahupg;ghsu;fspd; nghUshjhu nropg;ig mjpfupf;Fk;. gpuhe;jpaj;jpw;F jdpj;Jtkhd ([p.I. Fwpr;nrhy;Yld; milahsk; fhzf;$baJ) xU ghuk;gupa jpwd;fs; kw;Wk; mwpitg; gad;gLj;jp xU Fwpg;gpl;l Gtpapay; gFjpapy; Njhd;wpajhf ek;Gk; nghUl;fSf;F gpuPkpak; tpiyia nrYj;j ngUk;ghd;ikahd Efu;Nthu; jahuhf cs;sdu; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

,e;jpahtpd; cupik

Gtpapay; Fwpfhl;bfs; mwpTrhu; nrhj;J> mjhtJ ek; ehl;bw;Fs; [p.I kw;w ehLfspy; ,Uf;Fk; mj;jifa cupikfspypUe;J RahjPdkhf cs;sJ. mtw;wpd; tzpf jpwd; fhuzkhf> [p.I.fspd; KiwNfl;ilj; jLf;f NghJkhd Kiwahd rl;lg; ghJfhg;G mtrpak;. ru;tNjr kl;lj;jpy;> cyf tu;j;jf mikg;gpd; (lGs;A+. b. X ) mwpTrhu; nrhj;Jupik njhlu;ghd tu;j;jf njhlu;ghd mk;rq;fSf;fhd xg;ge;jk; (bupg;];) [p.I. ghJfhg;gpd; Fiwe;jgl;r juq;fis lGs;A+. b. X cWg;gpdu;fs; me;je;j Njrpa rl;lq;fSf;F ,zq;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W Fwpg;gpLfpwJ. ,e;j flikia filg;gpbj;J> ,e;jpah 1999 Gtpapay; nghUl;fspd; milahsq;fs; (gjpT kw;Wk; ghJfhg;G) rl;lj;ij ,aw;wpAs;sJ. ,J rk;ge;jkhf> ,e;j ,e;jpa jahupg;Gfspd; milahsj;ij ehl;bw;Fs; kl;Lky;yhky;> cynfq;fpYk; ghJfhf;f gy Njrpa $l;likg;Gf;F tpz;zg;gq;fs; nra;ag;gLfpd;wd. vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf> INuhg;gpa xd;wpa tpjpKiwfspd; fPo; gjpTnra;ag;gl;l xNu [p.I Fwpr;nrhy; lhu;[pypq; NjePu; kl;LNk. ru;tNjr [p.I.f;fSf;F $l> ,e;jpahtpy; jq;fs; cupikiar; nray;gLj;j> jahupg;ghsu;fs; [p.I.[p rl;lj;jpd; fPo; tpz;zg;gpf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,JNghd;w> cau;ju juq;fSf;F ,zq;f> ,JNghd;w 15 [p.I.f;fis ,e;jpah ntspapy; ,Ue;J gjpT nra;Js;sJ.

njhLg;Gfisj; jUfpwhu;; rpf;kfShu; mugpfh fu;ehlfhtpy; xU Njhl;lj;jpy; fhgp gPd;]; R+upaDf;F mbapy; ntWkNd itf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ

Gtpapay; Fwpfhl;bfs; ekJ nropg;ghd fyhr;rhu kw;Wk; Njrpa ghuk;gupaj;jpd; milahsk;. Fwpf;fg;gl;l jahupg;Gfs; kw;Wk; mtw;wpd; cw;gj;jpapy; <Lgl;Ls;sit ekJ khWgl;l fyhr;rhuk; kw;Wk; r%fj;jpd; ,d;wpaikahj gFjpahFk;. [p.I.[p  rl;lk; ekJ ghuk;gupa mwpitg; ghJfhg;gjw;fhf xU rkfhy editg; gad;gLj;Jtjw;fhd ,e;jpahtpd; cWjpg;ghl;bd; milahskhFk;> mNj Neuj;jpy; ehL KOtJk; ,e;jpa ghuk;gupaj;ij Nkk;gLj;JfpwJ. ,e;j jahupg;Gfis mjd; rhuhk;rj;jpy; Mtzg;gLj;Jjy;> ghJfhj;jy; kw;Wk; Cf;Ftpj;jy; Mfpait epiyahd mwpTrhu; tsu;r;rpia Nehf;fpa xU Kaw;rpahFk;.

Chinnaraja G Naidu

Chinnaraja G Naidu is the Deputy registrar for GI tags in India. Naidu, an active conversationalist, has published numerous seminars, white papers and official reports on India’s cultural heritage and its preservation through the GI tagging mechanism in the country.
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