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Nu xU mrhjhuzkhd jpiug;glj; jahupg;ghsu;

பிரச்சினை 02, 2021

Nu xU mrhjhuzkhd jpiug;glj; jahupg;ghsu;

அஷோக் விஸ்வநாதன் |நூலாசிரியர்

பிரச்சினை 02, 2021


rj;a[pj; Nu (Nk 2> 1921 - Vg;uy; 23> 1992) xU khtPuu; jpiug;gl MSik kw;Wk; ,y;y];l;Nul;luhf kl;Lky;yhky;> ngq;fhyp ,yf;fpaj;jpd; kpfTk; gpupakhd fjhghj;jpuq;fis cUthf;fpatuhfTk; epidtpy; nfhs;sg;gLthu;. Gfo;ngw;w jpiug;glj; jahupg;ghsu; mN\hf; tp];tehjd; Guhzj;jpd; tho;f;if> Ntiy kw;Wk; rhjidfis Muha;fpwhu;

rpyu; tpj;jpahrkhf ,Ug;gjw;fhf kl;Lky;yhky;> jq;fsJ rhjidfspy; jpUg;jpailahjjhy; tpjptpyf;fhf ,Uf;fpwhu;fs;. Nkw;F tq;fj;ijr; Nru;e;j jpiug;glj; jahupg;ghsu; rj;a[pj; Nu> xd;Wf;F Nkw;gl;l czu;Tfspy; cau;e;j MSik nfhz;ltu;. mtu; jdJ fiyf;F kpfTk; mu;g;gzpg;Gld; ,Ue;jhu;> rpwe;J tpsq;fhj vJTk; mtuJ kWg;igNa re;jpj;jJ. Nu kpfr;rpwe;j ,e;jpa jpiug;gl ,af;Fdu;fspy; xUtuhfTk;> cyfpd; kpfr;rpwe;j jpiug;glj; jahupg;ghsu;fspy; xUtuhfTk; ,Uf;fpwhu;> mtUila Fwpg;gplj;jf;f gzpf;fhf M];fhu; tpUJ (1991 ,y;) toq;fg;gl;lJ. 1982 Mk; Mz;by; cyfpd; 10 rpwe;j ,af;Fdu;fspy; xUtuhfg; gupe;Jiuf;fg;gl;ljw;fhf Nfd;]py; f honoredutpf;fg;gl;lijj; jtpu ntdp]; kw;Wk; ngu;ypd; cl;gl gy ru;tNjr jpiug;gl tpohf;fspy; mtu; Kf;fpa tpUJfis ntd;Ws;shu;.

An archival image of Satyajit Ray
rj;a[pj; Nuapd; fhg;gfg; glk;
mtuJ jpiug;glj; jpwikfisj; jtpu> mtu; xU jpiuf;fij vOj;jhsu;> xU Mg;gNul;bt; xspg;gjpthsu;> xU ,iraikg;ghsu; kw;Wk; xU tbtikg;ghsu; Mthu;. mtu;> ek;gKbahj gpugyj;jpd; Mrpupau;> ftpij nkhopngau;g;ghsu;> ghlyhrpupau;> ,irf;fiyQu; kw;Wk; mr;Rf;fiy epGzu;!gy;NtW ghzpfspy; gy;NtW ghlq;fisf; ifahz;l xU ,af;Feu; vd;gjhy; Nuit jpiug;glj; jahupg;ghsuhf tifg;gLj;JtJ kpfTk; fbdk;. fiyeakpf;f Guhzf; fijfisf; nfhz;l FLk;gj;ijr; Nru;e;j mtuJ %jhijaupd; jpiur;rPiyfs; kpfTk; Rthu];akhdit. mtuJ jhj;jh cNge;jpufpN\hu; uha;rTj;up xU ghlyhrpupau;> mr;Rg;nghwp> vOj;jhsu; kw;Wk; Xtpau; Mthu;> kw;Wk; mtuJ je;ij RFkhu; Nu xU Kl;lhs;jdkhd ftpQuhf ‘Kl;lhs;jdkhd trdk;’ kPJ Mu;tk; nfhz;bUe;jhu;. rj;a[pj;Nuapd; rfhg;jj;ij cUthf;Fk; jpiug;glk;> $g;gp n[a;d; ghfh igd; (1968) vd;gJ mtuJ jhj;jhtpd; EZf;fkhd fijia mbg;gilahff; nfhz;lJ> ,uz;L fpuhk epl;tpl;fs; mw;Gjkhd ,irf;fiyQu;fshf khwpdu;.

Noted British film director Lindsay Anderson (extreme left), renowned Japanese film producer Madame Kawakita (centre) and Satyajit Ray at a reception hosted by the Indian Documentary Producers’ Association at the Third International Film Festival in New Delhi in 1965
Gfo;ngw;w gpupl;b\; jpiug;gl ,af;Fdu; ypz;l;Nr Mz;lu;rd; (jPtpu ,lJ)> Gfo;ngw;w [g;ghdpa jpiug;gl jahupg;ghsu; Nklk; ftfpjh (ikak;) kw;Wk; rj;a[pj; Nu MfpNahu; 1965 ,y; GJ jpy;ypapy; ele;j %d;whtJ ru;tNjr jpiug;gl tpohtpy; ,e;jpa Mtz jahupg;ghsu; rq;fk; elj;jpa tuNtw;G epfo;r;rpapy;
fy;fj;jhtpy; (jw;Nghija nfhy;fj;jhtpy; ,y;iy) gpurpnld;rp fy;Y}upapy; fy;tp fw;whu;> gpd;du; rhe;jpdpNfjd; tp];t ghujpapy;> ee;jyhy; Ngh]; kw;Wk; ngNdhnlg`hup KNfhghj;aha; Nghd;w Gfo;ngw;w R+oypy; Xtpak; fw;Wf;nfhs;s tha;g;G fpilj;jJ.gNlu; ghQ;rhypapd; jpiuf;fijapy; Ntiy nra;aj; njhlq;Fk; tiu (Gfo;ngw;w ngq;fhyp vOj;jhsu; gpGjpG+\z; ge;Njhghj;ahahtpd; mNj ehtiy mbg;gilahff; nfhz;lJ) vg;NghJk; Mu;tKs;s xspg;gjpthsu; Rg;ujh kpj;uhtpd; cjtpAld; jpiug;glj;Jf;fhd jpiuf;fijfis vOjj; njhlq;fpdhu;.cz;ikapy;> ghju; ghQ;rhyp (1955)> mguh[pNjh (1956) kw;Wk; mG+u; rd;rhu; (1959) Mfpatw;iw cs;slf;fpa mg;G Kj;njhFg;G Neu;j;jpahd fhl;rp Ma;T> mg;gl;lkhd ajhu;j;jk;> ghly; tupfspd; epoy;fs; kw;Wk; kq;fyhd Md;kPf tpfhuq;fs; Mfpatw;why; epiwe;Js;sJ. uapy;fspd; fhl;rpfs;> fpuhkg;Gw tq;fhsk;> ngdhu]; efuj;jpd; fk;gPuk;> Kd;dhs; fy;fj;jhtpd; tsUk; ngUefuj;jpd; ,U gpupTfs;> [j;uh (Nkw;F tq;fj;jpy; gpugykhd ehl;Lg;Gw ehlfj;jpd; tbtk;) Kj;njhFg;gpy; rkfhy fiyapd; mw;Gjkhd epidTr;rpd;dj;ij cUthf;FfpwJ. mg;G Kj;njhFg;gpy; ge;Njhghj;ahahtpd; mw;Gjkhd vOj;Jf;fspypUe;J Nu vLj;jhu;> gpd;du;> kPz;Lk; m\hdp rq;nfl;by; (1973). ge;Njhghj;ahahtpd; gilg;Gfs; kl;Lky;y> Gfo;ngw;w ngq;fhyp ehtyhrpupau; jhuhrq;fu; ge;Njhghj;aha; vOjpa [y;rhfu; (1958) kw;Wk; gpugy tq;fhs vOj;jhsu; Rdpy; fq;Nfhghj;aha; vOjpa gpujpj;thz;b (1970) MfpNahupd; fjpupaf;f rpdpkh jOty;fis Nu nra;jhu;.

Ray at the opening night of the Cannes Film Festival on May 15, 1982, France
Nk 15> 1982> gpuhd;rpd; Nfd;]; jpiug;gl tpohtpd; njhlf;f ,utpy; Nu

Nutpd; Nfkuh> rpy rkaq;fspy; rhUyjhitg; Nghy ,iltplhky; Kd;Ndhf;fpr; nry;fpwJ> [d Muz;ahtpy; (1975) ifahy; gpbj;jJ my;yJ m\hdp rq;nfl;by; cs;sijg; Nghy nkNyhl;uhkhbf; f;Nsh];-mg;fspy; G+l;lg;gl;lJ> r%ftpay; gFg;gha;T> Ma;T nra;tjw;fhd xU fUtpiaj; jtpu Ntwpy;iy. R+oYf;Fs; kw;Wk; fhyfl;lj; jpiug;glq;fs; gw;wpa ntspg;ghLfis cUthf;Fjy;.rj;a[pj; Nu xU efu;g;Gw ehw;Gwj;ijAk; nfhz;bUf;fpwhu;-Muz;au; jpd; uhj;jpup (1969)> gpujpj;thz;b> rPkgj;jh (1971) kw;Wk; [d Muz;ah-,J Kiwahd tptupg;G kw;Wk; fhl;rp Vw;ghl;by; xU gpd;etPdj;Jt Ma;T MFk;. efu;g;Gw ,isQu;fspd; mikjpapd;ik kw;Wk; efu;g;Gw Ntiyapd;ik epoy; ngupjhfj; Njhd;Wtjd; %yk; 1970fspd; nfhe;jspg;ghd jd;ikia jpiug;glj; jahupg;ghsuhy; ntspf;nfhzu Kbe;jJ.,Ug;gpDk;> Nutpd; midj;J rpdpkhg; gilg;GfSk; jOty;fs; my;y.,Ug;gpDk;> Nutpd; midj;J rpdpkhg; gilg;GfSk; jOty;fs; my;y. fQ;rd;[q;fh (1962)> ehaf; (1966)> mfz;Lf; (1991) kw;Wk; \hfh g;Nuh\hfh (1990) Nghd;w gy mry; jpiuf;fijfis Nu vOjpAs;shu;.Nu> Nehgy; gupR ngw;w utPe;jpuehj; jh$iug; NghyNt> xU cz;ikahd kWkyu;r;rp fiyQuhf ,Ue;jhu;. Xtpau;> vOj;jhsu;> ,iraikg;ghsu;> jpiug;gl ,af;Fdu;> xspg;gjpthsu; kw;Wk; vOj;JUf;fis cUthf;fpatu; (Nu-Nuhkd; Nghd;wit)> mtu; xUNghJk; vy;iy kPwtpy;iy; mtu; jdJ MSikfspy; ahiuAk; kw;wtu;fis mlf;f mDkjpf;ftpy;iy. mtu; xU mw;Gjkhd eifr;Rit czu;itf; nfhz;bUe;jhu;> xUNtis mtuJ je;ijaplkpUe;J ngwg;gl;bUf;fyhk;> mtUila ciuahly;fs; vg;NghJk; Kd;khjpupahf ,Ue;jd. ,Wjpahf> Nuit NtWgLj;Jk; xU juk; ,Ue;jhy;> mJ mtuJ gy ru;tNjr tpUJfs; my;y (1964 kw;Wk; 1965 ,y; ngu;ypdpy; mtuJ gpd;-gpd;-rpy;tu; gpau;]; cl;gl) Mdhy; mtuJ ,ir. mtuJ xspg;gjpT kw;Wk; vbl;bq;> mtuJ fij kw;Wk; mtuJ ciuahly;> nja;tPfj;jpw;F neUf;fkhd xU cs;shu;e;j ,irj;jd;ik cs;sJ!jh$upd; eh\;ldpu; (cile;j $L) vd;w fijia mbg;gilahff; nfhz;l rhUyjh jpiug;glj;ijf; ftdpAq;fs;. fz;ldk; vd;gJ gpd;tUtdtw;iw cs;slf;fpa xU ePz;l tupir: mkypd; (rhUtpd; cwtpdu;) xU fbjk; xU rpwpa Nki[apy; epUgj;ij Kd;dwptpg;gpd; FwpaPlhf epWtp mkYf;F rhUtpd; nfhe;jspg;ghd Kd;fzpg;ig Kd;dwptpf;fpwJ; G+gjpapd; (rhUtpd; fztu;) fbjj;ijg; ghu;f;fpwhu; kw;Wk; ntspNa nry;tjw;F Kd; mkypd; <Lghl;ilg; gw;wpa mtuJ mg;ghtp fUj;Jfs;; kw;Wk; rhUtpd; fbjj;ij ,Wjpapy; thrpj;jNghJ> mts; czu;r;rpapd; xU gupjhgj;jhy; ntd;W> mkYf;fhd mtsJ ‘jilnra;ag;gl;l md;ig ciujLkhWfpwhs;. ,e;j fl;lj;jpy;> vjpu;ghuhj tpjkhf> G+gjp jpUk;gp te;J> vijahtJ kwe;J rhUtpd; md;gpd; ntspg;ghl;ilf; fz;L gae;J> kpFe;j Vkhw;wk; kw;Wk; mjpu;r;rpapd; R+o;epiyapy;> jpwe;j tz;bapy; Rw;wpj; jpupfpwhu;.

Left: Ray received the Golden Lion, the highest award accorded to a film at the Venice Film Festival, for his film Aparajito, on September 9, 1957; Right: An archival image of Ray at his home in Kolkata
,lJ: Nu> ntdp]; jpiug;gl tpohtpy; xU jpiug;glj;jpw;F toq;fg;gl;l kpf cau;e;j tpUjhd Nfhy;ld; yaidg; ngw;whu;> mguh[pNjh jpiug;glj;jpw;fhf> nrg;lk;gu; 9> 1957 md;W; tyJ: nfhy;fj;jhtpy; cs;s mtuJ tPl;by; Nutpd; fhg;gf glk;
mtu; jpUk;gp tUk;NghJ> epr;rakw;w jd;ik kw;Wk; njsptpd;ik epiwe;j xU fhl;rpapy;> rhU> gak; kw;Wk; Fw;w czu;Tld; mts; Kfj;jpy; ngupjhf ,Uf;f> cs;Ns tUk;gb irif nra;jhu;. G+gjp Eiofpwhu;> Mdhy; rhU kw;Wk; G+gjpapd; iffs; re;jpf;Fk; Kd;Ng Nu ciwfpwJ> ,jdhy; “cile;j $L” vd;gij Fwpf;fpwJ.Nutpd; fyitahd xspapd; xspia tptupf;f fpl;lj;jl;l rhj;jpakw;wJ NghyNt> ,e;j mjpu;TWk; ik];-vd;-fhl;rpapd; mofpay; tbtj;ij ntspg;gLj;j thu;j;ijfs; NghJkhdjhf ,y;iy.ngy;lh (xU Jg;gwpAk;)> yhy; Nkhfd; fq;Fyp my;yJ [lhA (xU rhfr ehtyhrpupau; kw;Wk; /ngY}lhtpd; ez;gu;)> Nguhrpupau; \q;F (xU tpQ;Qhdp kw;Wk; fz;Lgpbg;ghsu;) kw;Wk; ngq;fhyp ,yf;fpaj;jpd; kpfTk; gpbj;j fjhghj;jpuq;fis cUthf;fpa Nu xU rpwe;j vOj;jhsuhfTk; ,Ue;jhu;. jhupzp FNuh (,aw;iff;F mg;ghw;gl;l $Wfisf; nfhz;l fijfis tptupg;gjpy; xU md;ghd khkh). Nuapd; fijfs; kw;Wk; mtuJ fjhghj;jpuq;fs; gq;fshNj\pYk; rkkhf gpugykhf cs;sd. cz;ikapy;> uhapd; %jhijau; tPL gq;fshNj\pd; iknkd;rpq; khtl;lj;jpd; kRth fpuhkj;jpy; mike;Js;sJ. fle;j Mz;L> ,e;jpa jpiug;gl rq;fq;fspd; $l;likg;G (FFSI)> ,e;j rpd;dkhd milahsj;ij kPl;nlLg;gjw;fhd ru;tNjr gpur;rhuj;ij njhlq;f KbT nra;jJ.Nu> re;Njfj;jpd; epoy; ,y;yhky;> xU cz;ikahd kWkyu;r;rp MSik. mtu; gd;Kfj;jd;ik nfhz;ltu;> Mdhy; Gjpjhf xd;iwf; fw;Wf;nfhs;tij xUNghJk; tpUk;gtpy;iy. $Ljyhf> fpshrpf;fy; fhl;rp tbtikg;gpw;fhd mtuJ EZf;fkhd fz; mtiu xU rpd;dkhd fiy MSikahf;fpaJ. jh$upd; ghuk;gupaj;jpy;> Nu gue;j Kaw;rpia Nkw;nfhz;lhu;> Mdhy; mtuJ %yk;fis xUNghJk; ,of;ftpy;iy.

அஷோக் விஸ்வநாதன்

அஷோக் விஸ்வநாதன் தேசிய மற்றும் சர்வதேச விருது பெற்ற திரைப்படத் தயாரிப்பாளர் ஆவார், அவர் தற்போது கொல்கத்தாவின் சத்யஜித் ரே திரைப்படம் மற்றும் தொலைக்காட்சி நிறுவனத்தில் (ளுசுகுவுஐ) பேராசிரியராகவும் டீனாகவும் உள்ளார்.
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